The State of XIoT Security Report: 1H 2022
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High Threat


The close session request closes a connected session. A deleteSubscription flag is also sent in that message and determines whether the server should save the subscriptions for a future session reconnection or discard them upon session termination. If the deleteSubscription flag is False the server will store the subscriptions thus filling up the memory in an unlimited manner.

Sending multiple subscribe requests with multiple monitored items from multiple sessions will quickly fill up the process memory until the server crashes.

To trigger this bug all is needed is to create many sessions with subscriptions and monitored items without ever deleting the monitored items. Eventually these allocations will consume all the available process memory which will lead to a crash and denial of service condition.

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